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Achieving High Car Park Utilization Through Smart Car Park Management System
Finding a car park in a crowded parking lot is becoming a challenge that is attracting increasing interest from both industrial and academic researchers. This paper aimed to provide an efficient utilization of a parking lot by solving the problem of wrong parking without using monitoring system or human intervention. This is accomplished through developing a multi-functional smart car parking system that is more cost effective and user friendly than existing systems. The proposed system utilizes a number of low-cost light dependent resistors and IR sensors connected to a raspberry pi as a control unit. Simple to use web application is also developed to receive the data from the raspberry pi that will display the location of empty parking slots on user’s smart phone. The project was highly successful attaining 100% utilization of parking slots, no congestion occurred simply by preventing cars from entering the park if no parking spaces were available. No car can occupy more than one slot. Locations of empty slots are accurately displayed on the web application; hence, facilitating the process of reaching the empty slot quickly. This system is beneficial for drivers as it will enable them to locate the exact empty parking slot easily, so they save their time and consume less fuel chasing an empty slot. In addition, no congestion will occur inside the parking area. Moreover, this system is also beneficial for car park owners as the utilization of the car park become more efficient where the number of parking cars equals to the number of parking slots.